Medical disciplines and provided treatments are usually linked to other medical complication. Mostly these medical procedures are followed by some damaging side effects. Similarly, orthodontic treatments involve a considerable rate of risk factors.
Orthodontic curative is linked with several damaging effects which are the serious risk factors need to be considered before initiating the treatment plan. These damaging effects mat include periodontal disease, pain, TMD (temporomandibular dysfunction), and changes in pulpal. However, these impacts are not completely caused the orthodontic treatment but patient’s medical & dental history or the practitioner’s way of handling is the reason in many cases.
Resorption of Root
As a result of well-observed scenarios, it is stated in many scholarly articles on Orthodontics that resorption of root is commonly observed in the course of orthodontic movement of tooth. In a report on Root Resorption, Ketcham was the first to discuss root resorption as a result of orthodontic curative. He also demonstrated the additional factors like dietary deficiency and hormonal imbalance which might have some contribution to the Resorption of root.
The optimal precautionary approach to avoid root resorption is to consider the risk factor like shape and length of the root, treatment duration (risk increases with the duration), patient’s trauma history, predisposition in genetic, and patient’s habits. These factors must be discussed with the patient.
Pain involved in the Orthodontic Curative
Another most common unfavorable effect involved in Orthodontic treatment is discomfort or pain. Maximum 95% and minimum 70% of the patients of orthodontics experience pain. Tension or pressure in the teeth or soreness are the characters of the pain involved in orthodontic treatment.
A common and simple remedy that Orthodontists suggest their patients for reducing the Orthodontic pain is chewing on surgical wooden sticks or plastic wafers. The chewing increases the circulation and eases the pain.
Changes in Pulpal during Orthodontic Curative
There are minimum chances of reaction in Pulpal during the treatment. The only risk factor involved, is the trauma history related the teeth. However, it is essential to perform radiography on the traumatized teeth before starting the treatment for comparison.
Orthodontic Treatment and Periodontal Disease
Periodontitis (Alveolar bone loss), attached gingival support loss and gingivitis are commonly found in patients with periodontal disease. The appliances involved in orthodontic treatment could initiate periodontal reaction depending on factors like dental plaque (composition and amount), systemic condition, and resistance from the host. Habits is another risk factor.
Using a fluoride toothpaste for brushing the teeth is a simple preventive measure for decalcification.
There are a few more adverse effects of orthodontic treatment under observation of researchers and practitioners. With every adverse effect they are focused to find the most accurate preventive solution.